Jump to Content

Add to My Citations Itinerary of the Quaker City Excursion
Click to add citation to My Citations.

The following sources furnished the documentary basis for this itinerary: Clemen’s letters to the San Francisco Alta California (beginning with SLC 1867 [MT00555]); N&J1, 329–452; The Innocents Abroad (SLC 1869); journals kept by William R. Denny, Charles C. Duncan (the most reliable source for the ship’s arrival and departure times), Charles J. Langdon, Benjamin B. Nesbit, and Emily A. Severance (the above documents, already cited in the notes, are fully described in References); and newspaper letters written by Moses S. Beach, William R. Denny, Charles C. Duncan and Emily A. Severance, Mary Mason Fairbanks, Abraham R. Jackson, William E. James, Julius Moulton, and Julia Newell. We are grateful to Leon T. Dickinson, who in 1969 provided the Mark Twain Papers with copies of these newspaper letters, most of which he discovered. A full record is given below of all the known letters from each newspaper correspondent; explicit case-by-case citation of all supporting (or conflicting) evidence has been deemed impractical.

The hours of departure and arrival given in the itinerary are approximate. When the time of day was recorded differently in two or more sources, either the most probable time or a reasonable average was adopted. Similarly, when the date was recorded differently, the most likely was chosen. Whenever possible, place names are given in English (“Leghorn” rather than “Livorno,” for example). Spelling authorities were, in descending order, the National Geographic Atlas, Webster’s New Geographical Dictionary, and Murray.

Sources


Moses S. Beach to the New York Sun

no. written published
1 8 June 10 June
2 9 June 10 June
3 15 June 18 July
4 17 June 19 July
5 1 July 25 July
6 1 July 26 July
7 21 June 29 July
8 24 June 31 July
9 25 June 2 Aug
10 4 July 8 Aug
11 9 July 12 Aug
12 9 July 13 Aug
13 12 July 14 Aug
14 20 July 16 Aug
15 20 July 20 Aug
16 15 Aug 16 Sept
17 17 Aug 18 Sept
18 18 Aug 19 Sept
19 26 Aug 23 Sept
20 14 Sept 5 Nov
21 16 Sept 8 Nov
22 30 Sept 9 Nov
23 30 Sept 11 Nov
24 21 Sept 24 Nov
25 25 Sept 15 Nov
26 30 Sept 16 Nov
27 3 Oct 18 Nov
28 5 Oct 19 Nov
29 19 Oct 20 Nov
30 9 Nov 20 Nov
31 11 Nov 24 Nov
32 21 Nov 22 Nov
33 26 Oct 23 Nov
34 3 Nov 25 Nov
35 21 Oct 26 Nov
36 21 Oct 27 Nov
37 22 Oct 28 Nov

William R. Denny to the Winchester (Va.) Times


[No extant file of the Times has been found; Denny’s letters are preserved as clippings in a scrapbook owned by Mrs. Theodore Whitfield, PH in CU-MARK.]

no. written published
none 29 June unknown
30 June
2 July
10 July
13 July
19 July
21 July
22 July
24 July
28 July
30 July
10 Aug
[August]
28 Aug
[September]
[September]
[September]
[September]
11 Sept
16 Sept
[October]

Charles C. Duncan and Emily A. Severance


to the New York Independent

no. written published
none 19 June, 4 July 15 Aug
21 and 27 July, 3 Aug 29 Aug

Mary Mason Fairbanks to the Cleveland Herald

no. written published
1 8 June 12 June
2 9 June 13 June
3 16 June 22 July
4 22 June 23 July
5 29 June 24 July
6 2 July 25 July
7 10 July 3 Aug
8 11 July 14 Aug
9 15 July 15 Aug
10 18 July 20 Aug
11 22 July 23 Aug
12 25 July 9 Sept
13 27 July 11 Sept
14 3 Aug 26 Sept
15 15 Aug 30 Sept
16 23 Aug 4 Oct
17 28 Aug 8 Oct
18 30 Aug 9 Oct
19 6 Sept 19 Nov
20 12 Sept 20 Nov
21 17 Sept 22 Nov
22 21 Sept 29 Nov
23 26 Sept 5 Dec
24 30 Sept 7 Dec
25 5 Oct 11 Dec
27 [26] 24 Oct 25 Nov
27 14 Nov 14 Dec

Abraham R. Jackson to the Monroe County (Pa.) Democrat


[No extant file of the Democrat has been found; Jackson’s letters are preserved as clippings in a scrapbook owned by Horace Levy, PH in CU-MARK.]

no. written published
1 22 June unknown
2 30 June
3 2 July
4 5 July
5 8 July
6 11 July
7 16 July
8 18 July
9 19 July
10 22 July unknown
11 26 July
12 31 July
13 11 Aug
14 19 Aug
15 2 Sept
16 10 Sept
17 14 Sept
18 [October]

William E. James to the Brooklyn Eagle

no. written published
none 26 July 14 Aug
10 Aug 19 Sept
30 Aug 20 Sept

Julius Moulton to the St. Louis Missouri Republican

no. written published
none 23 July 19 Aug1
30 Aug 14 Oct
1 Sept 22 Oct
2 Oct 19 Nov
3 Oct 24 Nov2

Julia Newell to the Janesville (Wis.) Gazette

no. written published
none 22 June 23 July
14 July 1 Aug
14 July 16 Aug
20 July 24 Aug
20 July 7 Sept
29 July 12 Sept
[August] 3 Oct
none 10 Aug 17 Oct
3 Sept 21 Oct
15 Sept 6 Nov
October 23 Nov
October 30 Nov
[October] 7 Dec
October 14 Dec

Itinerary

8 June QC left the Manhattan wharf, 2:00 p.m., but soon anchored in Gravesend Bay, off Brooklyn.
10 June QC departed Gravesend Bay, 12:30 p.m.
21 June QC arrived at Horta, island of Fayal, Azores, in the morning.
23 June QC departed Horta, 11:00 a.m.
29 June QC arrived at Gibraltar, 10:00 a.m.
30 June SLC and companions3 took a steamer to Tangier.
1 July SLC and companions returned from Tangier to Gibraltar in time for the QC’s 6:00 p.m. departure.
4 July QC arrived at Marseilles, 7:00 p.m.
5 July SLC and companions4 departed Marseilles for Paris by an evening train.
6 July SLC and companions arrived in Paris in the evening.
11 July SLC and companions departed Paris for Marseilles by a morning train.
12 July SLC and companions arrived in Marseilles in the morning.
13 July QC departed Marseilles at noon.
14 July QC arrived at Genoa, 6:00 a.m.
16 July SLC and companions5 departed Genoa by train, arriving in Milan that evening.
18 July SLC and companions traveled by train from Milan to Como, then by steamer to Bellagio on Lake Como.
20 July SLC and companions traveled by steamer from Bellagio to Leco, departing Lecco by carriage, 1:00 p.m., for Bergamo, where they caught the train, passing through Brescia, Verona, Vicenza, and Padua, and arriving in Venice, 8:00 p.m.
22 July SLC and companions departed Venice by train, passing through Bologna and Pistoia overnight.
23 July SLC and companions arrived in Florence; QC departed Genoa, 7:00 p.m.
24 July QC arrived at Leghorn, 7:00 a.m.
?25 July SLC and companions departed Florence on the noon train for Pisa, where they spent two hours; they arrived at Leghorn in the evening and boarded the ship.
?26 July SLC and companions, to avoid being quarantined on the QC at Naples, took a French steamer to Civitavecchia, then a train to Rome, arriving the following evening.
31 July QC departed Leghorn, 9:00 a.m.
1 Aug SLC and companions probably departed Rome for Naples by train; QC arrived at Naples, where it was quarantined for a week.
7 Aug SLC and companions6 departed Naples in the morning for two days on the island of Ischia.
9 Aug SLC and companions returned from Ischia to Naples in the morning; at midnight SLC and companions7 departed for Mt. Vesuvius.
10 Aug SLC and companions8 visited Capri by chartered steamer.
11 Aug QC departed Naples, 8:00 a.m.
14 Aug QC arrived at Piraeus at noon, but the passengers did not disembark; SLC and companions9 defied the quarantine and visited Athens that night.
15 Aug QC departed Piraeus at noon.
17 Aug QC arrived at Constantinople at daybreak.
19 Aug QC departed Constantinople, 1:00 p.m.
21 Aug QC arrived at Sevastopol, 5:00 a.m., and departed again at 9:00 p.m.
22 Aug QC arrived at Odessa, 4:00 p.m.
24 Aug QC departed Odessa, 11:00 a.m.
25 Aug QC arrived at Yalta at noon.
26 Aug QC party, including SLC, visited Tsar Aleksandr II and family.
28 Aug QC departed Yalta, 8:00 p.m.
30 Aug QC arrived at Constantinople, at daybreak.
3 Sept QC party, probably including SLC,10 visited Scutari during the day; QC departed Constantinople, 10:00 p.m.
5 Sept QC arrived at Smyrna, 10:00 a.m.
6 Sept Large QC party, including SLC, visited Ephesus during the day; QC departed Smyrna, 11:00 p.m.
10 Sept QC arrived at Beirut before daylight.
11 Sept SLC and companions11 departed Beirut on horseback, 3:00 p.m., camping that night ten or twelve miles east of the city.
12 Sept SLC and companions broke camp, 6:30 a.m., and stayed that night in the Lebanon valley at Temnin el Foka, near Zahlah, about two-thirds of the way between Beirut and Baalbek.
13 Sept SLC and companions broke camp, 6:30 a.m., visited Baalbek, returned south, and camped that night at Sirghāyā.
14 Sept SLC and companions arrived in Damascus at sunset.
15 Sept QC departed Beirut at midnight.
16 Sept SLC and companions departed Damascus at noon, camping that night at Kefr Hauwar; QC arrived at Mt. Carmel, 10:00 a.m., and departed again at noon, arriving at Jaffa (now part of Tel Aviv), 8:00 p.m.
17 Sept SLC and companions departed Kefr Hauwar in the morning and camped that night at Baniyas, formerly the ancient city of Caesarea Philippi.
18 Sept SLC and companions departed Baniyas, 7:15 a.m., and camped that night at Ain Mellahah, near Lake Huleh (now called Bahret el Hule).
19 Sept SLC and companions departed Ain Mellahah, 7:00 a.m., and camped that night at Tiberias, on the Sea of Galilee.
20 Sept SLC and companions departed Tiberias in the morning and camped that night at Nazareth.
21 Sept SLC and companions departed Nazareth, 7:30 a.m., and camped that night at Janīn.
22 Sept SLC and companions departed Janīn, 2:00 a.m., and camped that night at Lubban.
23 Sept SLC and companions departed Lubban, 2:30 a.m., and reached Jerusalem at noon.
25 Sept SLC and companions departed Jerusalem, 8:00 a.m., for a two-day side trip, camping that night near Jericho.
26 Sept SLC and companions departed Jericho, 2:00 a.m., visited the Jordan River and the Dead Sea, camping that night at Mar Saba.
27 Sept SLC and companions departed Mar Saba, 3:00 a.m., visited Bethlehem and returned to Jerusalem at noon.
29 Sept SLC and companions departed Jerusalem, 3:00 p.m., reaching Ramla in the evening.
30 Sept SLC and companions departed Ramla in the morning and, after three hours, arrived at Jaffa and boarded the ship.
1 Oct QC departed Jaffa, 7:30 a.m.
2 Oct QC arrived at Alexandria at sunset.
4 Oct SLC and companions12 departed Alexandria by train, 4:00 p.m., arriving in Cairo late that evening.
5 Oct SLC and companions departed Cairo on donkeys, early in the morning, to visit the Sphinx and the pyramids at Giza, returning to Cairo that night.
7 Oct SLC and companions departed Cairo for Alexandria and boarded the ship; QC departed Alexandria, 5:00 p.m.
13 Oct QC arrived at Cagliari, island of Sardinia, 9:00 p.m.; departed at midnight without disembarking passengers.
15 Oct QC arrived at Algiers, 3:30 p.m.; departed, 5:30 p.m., without disembarking passengers.
17 Oct QC arrived at Málaga, 1:00 p.m.; departed, 4:00 p.m., without disembarking passengers, and arrived at Gibraltar, 11:00 p.m.
18 Oct SLC and companions13 departed Gibraltar at noon, traveling overnight by horseback and carriage to Algeciras, Vejer, and San Fernando.
19 Oct SLC and companions boarded the 4:00 p.m. train for Seville, arriving at midnight.
22 Oct SLC and companions traveled by train to Córdoba.
23 Oct SLC and companions returned by 9:00 a.m. train to Seville; departed Seville for Cádiz, stopping briefly in Jerez.
24 Oct SLC and companions arrived in Cádiz; QC departed Gibraltar, 6:00 p.m.
25 Oct QC arrived at Cádiz, 7:30 a.m.; SLC and companions boarded at 10:30, and QC departed Cádiz, 11:00 a.m.
28 Oct QC arrived at Funchal, island of Madeira, at noon; departed, 8:00 p.m., without disembarking passengers.
11 Nov QC arrived at St. George, Bermuda, at daybreak.
15 Nov QC departed St. George, 8:00 a.m.
19 Nov QC arrived at New York City, 10:00 a.m.

Explanatory Notes

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
1 Contains a reference to his “last,” or previous, letter, which has not been found.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
2 Ends “I will write you again,” but no subsequent letters have been found.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
3 Barry, Denny, Foster, Greer, Jackson, Slote, and an English merchant named Redman.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
4 Jackson and Slote.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
5 Jackson and Slote.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
6 Clemens identified his party only as “two or three of us” (SLC 1867 [MT00569]).

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
7 Jackson, Benjamin Nesbit, Newell, and four others—a man and three women, not otherwise identified (see 9 Aug 67 to JLC and family, n. 1).

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
8 Unidentified, except for Denny, Newell, and Slote.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
9 Birch, Denny, and Jackson.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
10 See 1–2 Sept 67 to JLC and family, nn. 1, 6.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
11 Birch, Church, Davis, Denny, Moulton, Slote, and Van Nostrand.

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
12 Unidentified, except for Slote and Van Nostrand (The Innocents Abroad, chapter 58).

Add to My Citations

Click to add citation to My Citations.
13 Jackson, Moulton, Newell, and a guide (Michael Beñunes).